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All The Information You Need To Know About Infertility

Sep 14

Infertility is the term used in medicine to describe the inability to conceive

If you've been trying for a year without success, infertility has been diagnosed. If you are above 35, it indicates that you have made six months of unsuccessful attempts to become pregnant.

Infertility may also be diagnosed in women who are able to become pregnant but are unable to carry a child to term.

Primary infertility prevents a woman from ever becoming pregnant. Secondary infertility is described as occurring in a woman who had at least one prior successful pregnancy.

Infertility may affect both men and women. Both men and women are impacted by infertility. Infertility worries impact both men and women equally.

Male infertility makes up the remaining third of instances of infertility, while female infertility accounts for around one-third of cases, according to the Office on Women's HealthTrusted Source.

A combination of male and female infertility or an undetermined reason might be to blame for the remaining one-third of instances.


Numerous factors contribute to men's infertility

Men with infertility often have the following problems:

  • Generating sperm Sperm count, sometimes referred to as the number of sperm migrating
  • Fertility may also be impacted by a number of risk factors, illnesses, and drugs


Risk elements

These are only a few of the risk factors for male infertility:

  • Alcoholism on a daily basis being overweight or obese exposes elders to toxins such pesticides, herbicides, and heavy metals


Several health issues

Male infertility may be caused by a wide range of medical disorders.

  • Antibodies that target and destroy your sperm hormone unpredictability
  • Testicles with varicocele or swollen testicular veins that have not yet reached the sac, retrograde ejaculation, and reduced testosterone production


Drugs and medications

Male fertility may be impacted by a number of treatments and medications, including the ones listed below.

Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine, Azulfidine EN-Tabs) for cancer chemotherapy or radiation therapy, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), or ulcerative colitis (UC)

  • Narcotics like cocaine and marijuana used recreationally calcium channel blockers for high blood pressure tricyclic antidepressants and anabolic steroids for
  • Improved athletic performance hormonal issues including delayed puberty

Male infertility may be brought on by any of these factors alone or in combination. Find out the indicators of male infertility.



The causes of female infertility vary

The following essential operations may be affected or obstructed in infertile women for a number of causes, including:

  • Ovulation, the process by which an ovary releases a mature egg; sperm and egg combining during fertilization in the fallopian tube after both have successfully crossed the cervix; the procedure whereby a fertilized egg attaches to the lining of the uterus, where it may grow and develop into a baby, and uterine implantation

Risk elements

Female infertility may be caused by a variety of causes.

As you become older, you should avoid smoking, having certain STIs that might harm your reproductive system, and being overweight, obese, or notably underweight.

Several health issues

The reproductive systems of women may be hampered by a variety of medical disorders, which can lead to infertility.

There are a lot of examples, including:

  • Irregularities in ovulation, including polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) or hormonal imbalances, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), uterine fibroids, endometriosis, premature ovarian failure, and scars from prior operations


Drugs and medications

Female infertility may be impacted by a number of therapies and treatments, including the following:

  • Using radiation or chemotherapy
  • The long-term use of NSAIDS (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines), such as aspirin and ibuprofen, in high dosages (Advil, Motrin)
  • Cocaine and marijuana are both used recreationally together with antipsychotics that are prescribed

The Mayo Clinic estimates that around 25% of all cases of infertility are caused by irregular ovulation. A woman may not be ovulating if her periods are irregular or nonexistent.


Conducting fertility tests

You may be wondering when to see a doctor if you've attempted to become pregnant but haven't had any success.

Continue reading to learn more about the tests they'll use to establish your fertility and your partner's fertility.



If any of the following symptoms occur in men who have been trying to conceive for a year, they should see a doctor:

  • Ejaculatory issues brought on by erectile dysfunction (ED), such as delayed or retrograde ejaculation, a lack of sex desire, or pain or swelling in the genital region after a prior genital operation

Your medical background will be the first question your doctor will ask. We will talk about your general health, sexual history, and other factors that may have an impact on your fertility at this time. In order to look for malignancies or structural issues, they will also physically inspect your genitalia.

Most likely, a semen analysis will follow. Your physician will want a sample of sperm. The amount of sperm in this sample will then be measured in a lab, along with whether or not the sperm are healthy and migrating.

Your doctor may suggest further testing based on the outcomes of your first checkup and semen analysis.



After turning 30, a woman's fertility starts to drop. Under 35-year-old women should see a doctor after a year of attempting to conceive, while those over 35-year-old women should do so after six months.

Your medical background will be the first question your doctor will ask. Your sexual history, present health, and any illnesses or problems that can impair fertility will all be brought up.

The next step is to check your pelvic area for anomalies like fibroids or disorders like endometriosis or PID.

Your doctor will be interested to know if you ovulate monthly. This could be discovered by a blood test at the doctor's office or a home ovulation test kit.

Additionally, the uterus and ovaries may be examined with ultrasonography.

The following tests may also be administered to women:

  • Among the relevant tests used in ovarian reserve testing, which uses a combination of hormone tests to gauge a woman's likelihood of conceiving, are follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) testing, hysterosalpingography, an X-ray procedure used to evaluate the fallopian tubes and uterus, and laparoscopy, which uses a camera to view the internal organs


Treatments for unsuccessful IVF

If both you and your spouse have tried unsuccessfully to conceive, you may want to get medical help. Several factors, such as the following, might affect the suggested course of therapy:

  • The reason of infertility, if known, the length of time you've been trying to become pregnant, your age, general health, and your personal preferences after discussing your treatment choices with your spouse


Depending on the reason, there are a variety of treatments for male infertility. Surgery, medicine, and assisted reproduction are among the therapy options available to male patients (ART).

Sperm blockages in the ejaculate may be surgically removed. It could be used to treat varicocele, for example. Rarely, sperm from the testicles may be taken directly and utilized in ART procedures.

To address hormonal imbalances, for instance, drugs may be employed. Infections that diminish sperm counts or disorders like erectile dysfunction (ED) may also be treated with them in order to improve male fertility.

Eggs and sperm handling outside the body is referred to as ART. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and in vitro fertilization are two examples of therapies that may be used (IVF). Ejaculate, testicular extraction, or donor sperm may all be used to get sperm for ART therapy.



Surgery, medication, and reproductive tools like ART are all options for treating female infertility. To treat female infertility, a number of treatments may be required.

Surgery is sometimes used to treat female infertility, but as alternative reproductive technologies advance, it is losing favor. Following are some examples of how surgery could facilitate conception:

  • Removing fibroids, cleaning the fallopian tubes, and repairing a uterus that wasn't properly produced

Techniques like assisted reproductive technology (ART) and intrauterine insemination (IUI) may be used to help with reproduction. During IUI, which takes place around ovulation, millions of sperm are injected into a woman's uterus.

IVF is a kind of assisted reproductive technology that includes removing the eggs and fertilizing them in a lab with a man's sperm. The embryo is returned to the uterus following fertilization.

Similar to how hormones in the body control or trigger ovulation, the drugs used to treat female infertility function in a similar ways.


Drugs for infertility come in a wide variety. The different fertility drugs that are offered may be read more about here.


Alternative methods of infertility treatment

Natural treatments include things like yoga and acupuncture.

According to a 2018 poll, at least 29% of couples considered natural or alternative infertility treatments, either alone or in addition to traditional therapy.



Tiny, sensitive needles are inserted into various body parts during acupuncture treatments. The body's energy flow may be stimulated by visiting certain places, according to folklore.

The effectiveness of acupuncture as a therapy for infertility has not been shown via hard data.

According to Trusted Source, there is very little proof that acupuncture may help PCOS patients' menstrual and ovulation cycles. For more information on acupuncture and infertility, see this article.



Yoga uses a variety of postures and breathing methods to help you relax.

Few cases of yoga being used as a fertility therapy have been studied. The stress related to fertility treatments, on the other hand, may be lessened by yoga.


A variety of vitamins and minerals may help in conception

Here are a few to be on the lookout for:

  • Iron, zinc, and vitamin C

By taking additional vitamins, such as probiotics, you may be able to maintain good overall health and a healthy digestive system. We research other dietary components that could aid conception.


Several commercially marketed fertility teas are available, but do they truly work?

There haven't been many studies on how various tea blends effect conception. But according to a new study, the antioxidants in green tea actually boost sperm motility and count.


Fertility diet

Fertility-enhancing foods are indicated for ladies who are experiencing infertility due to ovulation issues. They won't help you become pregnant since your infertility is caused by illnesses like uterine fibroids or a blocked fallopian tube.

The following foods are suggested for boosting fertility:

  • You may stay away from trans fats, which are included in a lot of fried and processed foods, by focusing on meals that are fiber-rich (such vegetables and whole grains) and avoiding refined carbohydrates that are high in sugar
  • Selecting high-fat dairy for low-fat dairy and substituting vegetarian sources for animal protein (such whole milk)
  • By following these suggestions and generally eating a nutrient-dense diet, men may increase the health of their sperm
  • Making dietary adjustments and other lifestyle modifications, such as exercising more, may all support fertility. Learn more about how altering your diet and fitness regimen may improve your fertility

During pregnancy

Prior to and after ovulation, women are most fertile. Your chances of becoming pregnant may be improved by monitoring your ovulation and planning your sexual activity accordingly.

Every month, ovulation takes place on a single day. Now that your ovaries have generated a mature egg, the egg is starting to journey via your fallopian tubes. Fertilization may occur if the sperm and egg make contact while the egg is in motion.

Within 24 hours after ovulation, an egg will perish if it is not fertilized. The probability of conception rises because sperm may survive in a woman's body for up to five days. So, each month, you have a period for five to six days.

Since ovulation does not occur at the same time each month, it is essential to understand the indicators of ovulation. Examples of these modifications include abdominal aches and a little rise in body temperature. Learn how to utilize a few different methods to gauge your fertility.


The chance of getting pregnant

It is not impossible to have children if you are infertile. Though it could take some time, many infertile couples will eventually be able to have a family. Others may want help, while other people will be able to do it without it.

Several factors, like as your ages, the reason for your infertility, and your personal preferences, will determine the kind of therapy that is suitable for you and your spouse. In a manner similar to this, a lot of factors may influence whether a certain infertility therapy leads to conception.

An issue with reproduction may or may not be handled in certain cases. Your doctor could advise you and your spouse to investigate surrogacy, adoption, or donated sperm or eggs depending on your specific circumstances.